TY - CHAP A1 - Ben Mkalama A2 - Bitange Ndemo ED1 - Anuar Mohamed Kassim ED2 - Lutfi Al-Sharif Y1 - 2021-10-13 PY - 2021 T1 - Orchestrating Smart Cities, New Disruptive Business Models and Informal Enterprises N2 - The development of smart cities is important and beneficial to a government and its citizens. With the advent of the smartphone, rapid and reliable communication between and among individuals and governments has become ubiquitous. Everything can be connected and accessed easily with the touch of a finger. Changes in mobile internet telecommunication systems allow for the advance of new urbanization using smart city development methods. The evolution of technology in Industry 4.0, such as the advancement of cutting-edge sensors utilizing the Internet of things (IoT) concept, has wide applications in developing various smart systems. This publication analyzes the interconnected cyber-physical systems inherent in smart cities, and the development methods and applications thereof. BT - Smart Cities SP - Ch. 2 UR - https://doi.org/10.5772/intechopen.94075 DO - 10.5772/intechopen.94075 SN - 978-1-83962-295-3 PB - IntechOpen CY - Rijeka Y2 - 2021-12-06 ER -