TY - CHAP A1 - Dongxing Cao A2 - Bin Wang A3 - Wenhua Hu A4 - Yanhui Gao ED1 - Farzad Ebrahimi Y1 - 2020-01-08 PY - 2020 T1 - Free Vibration of Axially Functionally Graded Beam N2 - The Functionally Graded Materials (FGM) concept originated in Japan in 1984 during the spaceplane project, in the form of a proposed thermal barrier material capable of withstanding a surface temperature of 2000 K and a temperature gradient of 1000 K across a cross section <10 mm. The materials can be designed for specific function and applications. FGMs offer great promise in applications where the operating conditions are extreme. For example, wear-resistant linings for handling large, heavy, abrasive ore particles; rocket heat shields; heat exchanger tubes; thermoelectric generators; heat-engine components; plasma facings for fusion reactors; and electrically insulating metal/ceramic joints. They are also ideal for minimizing thermomechanical mismatch in metal-ceramic bonding. This book is a result of contributions of experts from the international scientific community working in different aspects of functionally graded materials and structures and reports on the latest research and development findings on this topic through original and innovative research studies. Through its six chapters, the reader will have access to works related to processing, characteristics, modeling, and applications of functionally graded materials and structures.The book contains up-to-date publications from leading experts and the edition is intended to provide valuable recent information to the professionals involved in functionally graded materials and structure analysis and applications. The text is addressed not only to researchers, but also to professional engineers, students, and other experts in a variety of disciplines, both academic and industrial, seeking to gain a better understanding of what has been done in the field recently, and what open problems are in this area. BT - Mechanics of Functionally Graded Materials and Structures SP - Ch. 1 UR - https://doi.org/10.5772/intechopen.85835 DO - 10.5772/intechopen.85835 SN - 978-1-78984-555-6 PB - IntechOpen CY - Rijeka Y2 - 2021-01-22 ER -