TY - CHAP A1 - Audrey Ragagnin A2 - Qili Wang A3 - Aurélie Guillemain A4 - Siaka Dole A5 - Anne-Sophie Wilding A6 - Valérie Demais A7 - Cathy Royer A8 - Anne-Marie Haeberlé A9 - Nicolas Vitale A10 - Stéphane Gasman A11 - Nancy Grant A12 - Yannick Bailly ED1 - Ivo Nikolaev Sirakov Y1 - 2019-01-30 PY - 2019 T1 - Prion Proteins and Neuronal Death in the Cerebellum N2 - The cellular prion protein (PrPC) is expressed as a cell surface protein mainly in the central and peripheral nervous system. The discovery that prions are infectious agents changed the concept of protein synthesis in modern biology and built a bridge between the genesis of infectious and genetic diseases. This book discusses the normal function of the PrPC and its modulatory role in synaptic mechanisms. It describes the pathophysiological processes that accompany TSE - neurotoxicity, loss of anti-inflammatory protective function, neuronal death including prion-induced autophagy and apoptosis, and accumulation of PrPSc in the cytoplasm of neurons. Another aspect outlined here is that some prion diseases show strain variations that determine their development, demonstrating their key role in the development and progression of TSE. BT - Prions SP - Ch. 2 UR - https://doi.org/10.5772/intechopen.80701 DO - 10.5772/intechopen.80701 SN - 978-1-78985-018-5 PB - IntechOpen CY - Rijeka Y2 - 2020-01-27 ER -