TY - CHAP A1 - Orlando Sampaio Passos A2 - José da Silva Souza A3 - Débora Costa Bastos A4 - Eduardo Augusto Girardi A5 - Fábio de Lima Gurgel A6 - Marcos Vinícius Bastos Garcia A7 - Roberto Pedroso de Oliveira A8 - Walter dos Santos Soares Filho ED1 - Muhammad Sajid ED2 - Amanullah Y1 - 2019-02-27 PY - 2019 T1 - Citrus Industry in Brazil with Emphasis on Tropical Areas N2 - Citrus is one of the world's major fruit crops, with global availability and popularity contributing to human diets. Citrus fruits are the highest-value fruit crop in terms of international trade. Current annual worldwide citrus production is estimated at over 70 million tons, with more than half of this being oranges. The rise in citrus production is mainly due to the increase in cultivation areas, improvements in transportation and packaging, rising incomes, and consumer preference for healthy foods. Citrus fruit growth and quality are dependent on climatic conditions, in addition to soil type, water availability, cultural practices, and nutrient supply. The book briefly explains the fruit morphology, anatomy, physiology and biochemistry, growth phases, maturity standards, grades, and physical and mechanical characteristics of citrus trees. It also provides the foundation for understanding the growth, harvest, and post-harvest aspects of citrus fruits. Insect pests and diseases, irrigation, nutrition, and rootstocks are also addressed in this book. BT - Citrus SP - Ch. 4 UR - https://doi.org/10.5772/intechopen.80213 DO - 10.5772/intechopen.80213 SN - 978-1-78985-428-2 PB - IntechOpen CY - Rijeka Y2 - 2021-05-08 ER -