TY - CHAP A1 - Francesco Fedele A2 - Alessandra Cinque A3 - Massimo Mancone A4 - Viviana Maestrini A5 - Carmen Caira ED1 - Luis Rodrigo Y1 - 2019-05-10 PY - 2019 T1 - Heart Failure and Iron Deficiency N2 - Iron deficiency (ID) and iron deficiency anemia (IDA) are prevalent conditions all over the world. The groups at highest risk are children, pre-menopausal women and socially disadvantaged people. Diagnose of ID using a full blood examination and iron studies can be difficulted by concomitant inflammation. Management of ID involves identification and treatment of its cause, as well as effective iron replacement. Patients who fail to respond to iron replacement will performed an endoscopy to exclude internal bleeding. Both enteral and parenteral iron are effective at replacing iron. For adult patients, we recommend trialling daily oral iron (30-100 mg of iron) as the first-line therapy. Patients who fail to respond to oral iron replacement can be safely managed with intravenous iron. BT - Iron Deficiency Anemia SP - Ch. 5 UR - https://doi.org/10.5772/intechopen.79358 DO - 10.5772/intechopen.79358 SN - 978-1-78985-444-2 PB - IntechOpen CY - Rijeka Y2 - 2021-12-02 ER -