TY - CHAP A1 - Ahmed A. Hussein ED1 - Shagufta Perveen ED2 - Areej Al-Taweel Y1 - 2018-12-19 PY - 2018 T1 - Chemistry of South African Lamiaceae: Structures and Biological Activity of Terpenoids N2 - Terpenes belong to the diverse class of chemical constituents isolated from materials found in nature (plants, fungi, insects, marine organisms, plant pathogens, animals and endophytes). These metabolites have simple to complex structures derived from Isopentyl diphosphate (IPP), dimethyl allyl diphosphate (DMAPP), mevalonate and deoxyxylulose biosynthetic pathways. Terpenes play a very important role in human health and have significant biological activities (anticancer, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antiallergic, skin permeation enhancer, anti-diabetic, immunomodulatory, anti-insecticidal). This book gives an overview and highlights recent research in the phytochemical and biological understanding of terpenes and terpenoid and explains the most essential functions of these kinds of secondary metabolites isolated from natural sources. BT - Terpenes and Terpenoids SP - Ch. 2 UR - https://doi.org/10.5772/intechopen.77399 DO - 10.5772/intechopen.77399 SN - 978-1-78984-777-2 PB - IntechOpen CY - Rijeka Y2 - 2021-06-23 ER -