TY - CHAP A1 - Murat Eyvaz A2 - Serkan Arslan A3 - Derya İmer A4 - Ebubekir Yüksel A5 - İsmail Koyuncu ED1 - Hongbo Du ED2 - Audie Thompson ED3 - Xinying Wang Y1 - 2018-03-28 PY - 2018 T1 - Forward Osmosis Membranes – A Review: Part II N2 - Osmotically driven membrane processes (ODMPs) including forward osmosis (FO) and pressure-retarded osmosis (PRO) have attracted increasing attention in fields such as water treatment, desalination, power generation, and life science. In contrast to pressure-driven membrane processes, e.g., reverse osmosis, which typically employs applied high pressure as driving force, ODMPs take advantages of naturally generated osmotic pressure as the sole source of driving force. In light of this, ODMPs possess many advantages over pressure-driven membrane processes. The advantages include low energy consumption, ease of equipment maintenance, low capital investment, high salt rejection, and high water flux. In the past decade, over 300 academic papers on ODMPs have been published in a variety of application fields. The number of such publications is still rapidly growing. The ODMPs' approach, fabrications, recent development and applications in wastewater treatment, power generation, seawater desalination, and gas absorption are presented in this book. BT - Osmotically Driven Membrane Processes SP - Ch. 3 UR - https://doi.org/10.5772/intechopen.74659 DO - 10.5772/intechopen.74659 SN - 978-953-51-3922-5 PB - IntechOpen CY - Rijeka Y2 - 2021-04-19 ER -