TY - CHAP A1 - Lydia K. Gkoura A2 - George D. Roumelas A3 - Hector E. Nistazakis A4 - Harilaos G. Sandalidis A5 - Alexander Vavoulas A6 - Andreas D. Tsigopoulos and George S. Tombras ED1 - Konstantin Volkov Y1 - 2017-07-26 PY - 2017 T1 - Underwater Optical Wireless Communication Systems: A Concise Review N2 - Accurate prediction of turbulent flows remains a challenging task despite considerable work in this area and the acceptance of CFD as a design tool. The quality of the CFD calculations of the flows in engineering applications strongly depends on the proper prediction of turbulence phenomena. Investigations of flow instability, heat transfer, skin friction, secondary flows, flow separation, and reattachment effects demand a reliable modelling and simulation of the turbulence, reliable methods, accurate programming, and robust working practices. The current scientific status of simulation of turbulent flows as well as some advances in computational techniques and practical applications of turbulence research is reviewed and considered in the book. BT - Turbulence Modelling Approaches SP - Ch. 9 UR - https://doi.org/10.5772/67915 DO - 10.5772/67915 SN - 978-953-51-3350-6 PB - IntechOpen CY - Rijeka Y2 - 2020-08-14 ER -