TY - CHAP A1 - Ricardo Salgado A2 - Manuela SimoĢƒes ED1 - Mohammed A. A. Khalid Y1 - 2013-02-20 PY - 2013 T1 - Chromatographic, Polarographic and Ion-Selective Electrodes Methods for Chemical Analysis of Groundwater Samples in Hydrogeological Studies N2 - Electrochemistry has been undergoing significant transformations in the last few decades. It is now the province of academics interested only in measuring thermodynamic properties of solutions and of industrialists using electrolysis or manufacturing batteries, with a huge gap between them. It has become clear that these, apparently distinct subjects, alongside others, have a common ground and that they have grown towards each other, particularly as a result of research into the rates of electrochemical processes. Such evolution is due to a number of factors, and offers the possibility of carrying out reproducible, dynamic experiments under an ever-increasing variety of conditions with reliable and sensitive instrumentation. This has enabled many studies of a fundamental and applied nature, to be carried out. BT - Electrochemistry SP - Ch. 1 UR - https://doi.org/10.5772/50223 DO - 10.5772/50223 SN - PB - IntechOpen CY - Rijeka Y2 - 2020-08-11 ER -