TY - CHAP A1 - Shoichi Ezaki A2 - Masanori Tamura ED1 - David C. Gaze Y1 - 2012-04-25 PY - 2012 T1 - Evaluation and Treatment of Hypotension in Premature Infants N2 - The cardiovascular system includes the heart located centrally in the thorax and the vessels of the body which carry blood. The cardiovascular (or circulatory) system supplies oxygen from inspired air, via the lungs to the tissues around the body. It is also responsible for the removal of the waste product, carbon dioxide via air expired from the lungs. The cardiovascular system also transports nutrients such as electrolytes, amino acids, enzymes, hormones which are integral to cellular respiration, metabolism and immunity. This book is not meant to be an all encompassing text on cardiovascular physiology and pathology rather a selection of chapters from experts in the field who describe recent advances in basic and clinical sciences. As such, the text is divided into three main sections: Cardiovascular Physiology, Cardiovascular Diagnostics and lastly, Clinical Impact of Cardiovascular Physiology and Pathophysiology. BT - The Cardiovascular System SP - Ch. 20 UR - https://doi.org/10.5772/38745 DO - 10.5772/38745 SN - PB - IntechOpen CY - Rijeka Y2 - 2020-09-23 ER -