TY - CHAP A1 - Priscilla Simonis A2 - Serge Berthier ED1 - Alessandro Massaro Y1 - 2012-03-30 PY - 2012 T1 - How Nature Produces Blue Color N2 - The first volume of the book concerns the introduction of photonic crystals and applications including design and modeling aspects. Photonic crystals are attractive optical materials for controlling and manipulating the flow of light. In particular, photonic crystals are of great interest for both fundamental and applied research, and the two dimensional ones are beginning to find commercial applications such as optical logic devices, micro electro-mechanical systems (MEMS), sensors. The first commercial products involving two-dimensionally periodic photonic crystals are already available in the form of photonic-crystal fibers, which use a microscale structure to confine light with radically different characteristics compared to conventional optical fiber for applications in nonlinear devices and guiding wavelengths. The goal of the first volume is to provide an overview about the listed issues. BT - Photonic Crystals SP - Ch. 1 UR - https://doi.org/10.5772/32410 DO - 10.5772/32410 SN - PB - IntechOpen CY - Rijeka Y2 - 2022-05-28 ER -