TY - CHAP A1 - Richard Grünewald ED1 - Raymond L. Rosales Y1 - 2012-03-14 PY - 2012 T1 - Dystonia and Muscle Spindles: The Link in Idiopathic Focal Dystonias N2 - Dystonia has many facets, and among those, this book commences with the increasingly associated genes identified, including a construct on how biology interacts with the dystonia genesis. The clinical phenomenology of dystonia as approached in the book is interesting because, not only were the cervical, oromandibular/lingual/laryngeal, task-specific and secondary dystonias dealt with individually, but that the associated features such as parkinsonism, tremors and spasticity were also separately presented. Advances in dystonia management followed, and they ranged from dopaminergic therapy, chemodenervation, surgical approaches and rehabilitation, effectively complementing the approach in dystonia at the clinics. A timely critical pathophysiologic review, including the muscle spindle involvement in dystonia, is highlighted at the book's end. BT - Dystonia SP - Ch. 13 UR - https://doi.org/10.5772/27419 DO - 10.5772/27419 SN - PB - IntechOpen CY - Rijeka Y2 - 2020-08-06 ER -