TY - CHAP A1 - Homayoon Katibeh A2 - Ali Aalianvari ED1 - Muhammad Salik Javaid Y1 - 2012-03-07 PY - 2012 T1 - Common Approximations to the Water Inflow into Tunnels N2 - The subject of 'drainage: draining the water off' is as important as 'irrigation: application of water', if not more. 'Drainage' has a deep impact on food security, agricultural activity, hygiene and sanitation, municipal usage, land reclamation and usage, flood and debris flow control, hydrological disaster management, ecological and environmental balance, and water resource management. 'Drainage Systems' provides the reader with a tri-dimensional expose of drainage in terms of sustainable systems, surface drainage and subsurface drainage. Ten eminent authors and their colleagues with varied technical backgrounds and experiences from around the world have dealt with extensive range of issues concerning the drainage phenomenon. Field engineers, hydrologists, academics and graduate students will find this book equally benefitting. BT - Drainage Systems SP - Ch. 4 UR - https://doi.org/10.5772/36003 DO - 10.5772/36003 SN - PB - IntechOpen CY - Rijeka Y2 - 2020-08-06 ER -