TY - CHAP A1 - T. Böhme A2 - C. Dornscheidt A3 - T. Pretorius A4 - J. Scharlack A5 - F. Spelleken ED1 - Sabar D. Hutagalung Y1 - 2012-03-07 PY - 2012 T1 - Modeling, Simulation and Experimental Studies of Distortions, Residual Stresses and Hydrogen Diffusion During Laser Welding of As-Rolled Steels N2 - Materials are important to mankind because of the benefits that can be derived from the manipulation of their properties, for example electrical conductivity, dielectric constant, magnetization, optical transmittance, strength and toughness. Materials science is a broad field and can be considered to be an interdisciplinary area. Included within it are the studies of the structure and properties of any material, the creation of new types of materials, and the manipulation of a material's properties to suit the needs of a specific application. The contributors of the chapters in this book have various areas of expertise. therefore this book is interdisciplinary and is written for readers with backgrounds in physical science. The book consists of fourteen chapters that have been divided into four sections. Section one includes five chapters on advanced materials and processing. Section two includes two chapters on bio-materials which deal with the preparation and modification of new types of bio-materials. Section three consists of three chapters on nanomaterials, specifically the study of carbon nanotubes, nano-machining, and nanoparticles. Section four includes four chapters on optical materials. BT - Materials Science and Technology SP - Ch. 5 UR - https://doi.org/10.5772/34478 DO - 10.5772/34478 SN - PB - IntechOpen CY - Rijeka Y2 - 2020-08-08 ER -