TY - CHAP A1 - Brunetto Chiarelli ED1 - Brunetto Chiarelli Y1 - 2011-11-04 PY - 2011 T1 - The Biological and Evolutionist Bases of Ethics N2 - Two new factor have been added to the ideological change in the second half of the past century: the “ecological impact” of humankind on the environment due to the population increase; and the “ innovative impact of science, first with atomic physics, which introduced the scission of the fundamental unit of matter, the atom, and then witch molecular biology, which led to the decoding of genetic information and intervention of biological engineering that annihilate our concepts of individual and species as fundamental units in biology. This stage of fundamental rethinking is however overshadowed by the threat of ecological disaster and catastrophic population increase, which not only impose limits to development, but undermine the very survival of Humankind. The future survival our species in fact depends on the interaction between its reproductive characteristics and the productivity of the territory, which, even if increased by the intellectual capability of the human brain, has intrinsically limits. The adaptive choices (which are also biotechnological and biomedical) of the interaction between human population and the natural ambience is the conceptual basis of the new discipline “Global Bioethics”. BT - Global Bioethics SP - Ch. 1 UR - https://doi.org/10.5772/20596 DO - 10.5772/20596 SN - PB - IntechOpen CY - Rijeka Y2 - 2020-08-09 ER -