TY - CHAP A1 - Daniel Pérez-Núñez A2 - Narcisa Martínez-Quiles ED1 - Theresa L. Chang Y1 - 2011-11-02 PY - 2011 T1 - Genetic Factors that Influence HIV Infection: The Role of the Major Histocompatibility Complex System N2 - HIV remains the major global health threat, and neither vaccine nor cure is available. Increasing our knowledge on HIV infection will help overcome the challenge of HIV/AIDS. This book covers several aspects of HIV-host interactions in vitro and in vivo. The first section covers the interaction between cellular components and HIV proteins, Integrase, Tat, and Nef. It also discusses the clinical relevance of HIV superinfection. The next two chapters focus on the role of innate immunity including dendritic cells and defensins in HIV infection followed by the section on the impact of host factors on HIV pathogenesis. The section of co-infection includes the impact of Human herpesvirus 6 and Trichomonas vaginalis on HIV infection. The final section focuses on generation of HIV molecular clones that can be used in macaques and the potential use of cotton rats for HIV studies. BT - HIV-Host Interactions SP - Ch. 9 UR - https://doi.org/10.5772/19682 DO - 10.5772/19682 SN - PB - IntechOpen CY - Rijeka Y2 - 2020-11-27 ER -