TY - CHAP A1 - Koji Tanabe A2 - Kazutoshi Takahashi ED1 - Michael S. Kallos Y1 - 2011-10-12 PY - 2011 T1 - The Past, Present and Future of Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells N2 - The ultimate clinical implementation of embryonic stem cells will require methods and protocols to turn these unspecialized cells into the fully functioning cell types found in a wide variety of tissues and organs. In order to achieve this, it is necessary to clearly understand the signals and cues that direct embryonic stem cell differentiation. This book provides a snapshot of current research on the differentiation of embryonic stem cells to a wide variety of cell types, including neural, cardiac, endothelial, osteogenic, and hepatic cells. In addition, induced pluripotent stem cells and other pluripotent stem cell sources are described. The book will serve as a valuable resource for engineers, scientists, and clinicians as well as students in a wide range of disciplines. BT - Embryonic Stem Cells SP - Ch. 18 UR - https://doi.org/10.5772/24198 DO - 10.5772/24198 SN - PB - IntechOpen CY - Rijeka Y2 - 2021-06-20 ER -