TY - CHAP A1 - Angelique Rissons A2 - Jean-Claude Mollier ED1 - Padmanabhan Predeep Y1 - 2011-10-05 PY - 2011 T1 - The Vertical-Cavity Surface Emitting Laser (VCSEL) and Electrical Access Contribution N2 - Optoelectronics - Devices and Applications is the second part of an edited anthology on the multifaced areas of optoelectronics by a selected group of authors including promising novices to experts in the field. Photonics and optoelectronics are making an impact multiple times as the semiconductor revolution made on the quality of our life. In telecommunication, entertainment devices, computational techniques, clean energy harvesting, medical instrumentation, materials and device characterization and scores of other areas of R&D the science of optics and electronics get coupled by fine technology advances to make incredibly large strides. The technology of light has advanced to a stage where disciplines sans boundaries are finding it indispensable. New design concepts are fast emerging and being tested and applications developed in an unimaginable pace and speed. The wide spectrum of topics related to optoelectronics and photonics presented here is sure to make this collection of essays extremely useful to students and other stake holders in the field such as researchers and device designers. BT - Optoelectronics SP - Ch. 12 UR - https://doi.org/10.5772/18299 DO - 10.5772/18299 SN - PB - IntechOpen CY - Rijeka Y2 - 2021-08-02 ER -