TY - CHAP A1 - Watermann A2 - B.T. A3 - Gnass A4 - K. A5 - Kolodzey A6 - H. A7 - Thomsen A8 - A.E. ED1 - Margarita Stoytcheva Y1 - 2011-09-12 PY - 2011 T1 - Laboratory Tests with Androgenic and Anti-Androgenic Pesticides – Comparative Studies on Endocrine Modulation in the Reproductive System of Invertebrates and Vertebrates N2 - The introduction of the synthetic organochlorine, organophosphate, carbamate and pyrethroid pesticides by 1950's marked the beginning of the modern pesticides era and a new stage in the agriculture development. Evolved from the chemicals designed originally as warfare agents, the synthetic pesticides demonstrated a high effectiveness in preventing, destroying or controlling any pest. Therefore, their application in the agriculture practices made it possible enhancing crops and livestock's yields and obtaining higher-quality products, to satisfy the food demand of the continuously rising world's population. Nevertheless, the increase of the pesticide use estimated to 2.5 million tons annually worldwide since 1950., created a number of public and environment concerns. This book, organized in two sections, addresses the various aspects of the pesticides exposure and the related health effects. It offers a large amount of practical information to the professionals interested in pesticides issues. BT - Pesticides in the Modern World SP - Ch. 19 UR - https://doi.org/10.5772/18716 DO - 10.5772/18716 SN - PB - IntechOpen CY - Rijeka Y2 - 2019-11-12 ER -