TY - CHAP A1 - Ozlem Karaca A2 - Radosveta Sokullu ED1 - Hoang Duc Chinh ED2 - Yen Kheng Tan Y1 - 2010-12-14 PY - 2010 T1 - Smart Environments and Cross Layer Design N2 - The recent development of communication and sensor technology results in the growth of a new attractive and challenging area - wireless sensor networks (WSNs). A wireless sensor network which consists of a large number of sensor nodes is deployed in environmental fields to serve various applications. Facilitated with the ability of wireless communication and intelligent computation, these nodes become smart sensors which do not only perceive ambient physical parameters but also be able to process information, cooperate with each other and self-organize into the network. These new features assist the sensor nodes as well as the network to operate more efficiently in terms of both data acquisition and energy consumption. Special purposes of the applications require design and operation of WSNs different from conventional networks such as the internet. The network design must take into account of the objectives of specific applications. The nature of deployed environment must be considered. The limited of sensor nodes´┐Ż resources such as memory, computational ability, communication bandwidth and energy source are the challenges in network design. A smart wireless sensor network must be able to deal with these constraints as well as to guarantee the connectivity, coverage, reliability and security of network's operation for a maximized lifetime. This book discusses various aspects of designing such smart wireless sensor networks. Main topics includes: design methodologies, network protocols and algorithms, quality of service management, coverage optimization, time synchronization and security techniques for sensor networks. BT - Smart Wireless Sensor Networks SP - Ch. 3 UR - https://doi.org/10.5772/13403 DO - 10.5772/13403 SN - PB - IntechOpen CY - Rijeka Y2 - 2020-04-07 ER -